In the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, there was a region called Mesopotamia where we find the earliest evidence of astronomy, math, writing, and agriculture. Starting around 3200 B.C., the Mesopotamians inscribed cuneiform writings into wet clay to keep track of their inventories of various goods.

In these clay scriptures, there was talk of a great flood that wiped out humanity. The validity of this flood is up for debate, but the idea of a “flood myth” shows up several times in early human history — think Noah and the Ark. That said, all of these myths stem from the one found in Mesopotamian clay, and they all point to the lands in and around the Fertile Crescent.

On this episode of “Wine 101,” Keith dives into these various flood myths, how they relate to viticulture, and how a certain mythological hero named Gilgamesh may — or may not — have played a hand in it all. Tune in for more.

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“Wine 101” was produced, recorded, and edited by yours truly, Keith Beavers, at the VinePair headquarters in New York City. I want to give a big old shout-out to co-founders Adam Teeter and Josh Malin for creating VinePair. Big shout-out to Danielle Grinberg, the art director of VinePair, for creating the most awesome logo for this podcast. Also, Darby Cicci for the theme song. And I want to thank the entire VinePair staff for helping me learn something new every day. See you next week.

*Image retrieved from Archivist via